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PhonoLab Research Opportunities
Occasionally there are opportunities for linguistics majors to engage in research run by the PhonoLab. These opportunities are announced to all majors when they become available.
Nevisian(Patrik Bye and Paul de Lacy) (2016-)
Paul de Lacy and Prof Patrik Bye (Nord University, Bodø, Norway) are jointly working to describe the creole spoken on the Caribbean island of Nevis, spoken on St Kitts and Nevis. Nevisian is a Leeward Islands Creole, and it currently has no grammatical description. Bye & de Lacy's goal is to ultimately provide an extensive grammar, with particular focus on its phonology. The fieldwork so far has involved experiments and fieldwork elicitation to establish segmental and sub-word prosodic structure. Work on the language's morphology and syntax have also begun.
Sonority-Driven Stress(Shu-hao Shih) (2016-)
Shu-hao is currently writing his dissertation on sonority-driven stress. His goal is to determine whether there is objective evidence for the almost entirely impressionistic observations about sonority-driven stress. His previous work established that stress is not sensitive to peripheral vowels in Gujarati - a finding with serious implications for the theory (presented at the Manchester Phonology Conference, PhoNE, and AMP 2015).
The Glossolalia Project (Paul de Lacy) (1997-ongoing)
A decade-long project aiming to produce a large searchable corpus of glossolalia, and an explanation of how the phenomenon works. Four graduate students and over 20 Rutgers undergraduate students have worked on this project with Prof de Lacy.
Simon, Georgia and Paul de Lacy (2011) A model of B's glossolalic speech. Poster presentation, Great Lakes Expo for Experimental and Formal Undergraduate Linguistics, Michigan State University.
de Lacy, Paul (2007) Glossolalia as a targetless L2: Initial results. Colloquium talk, University of Massachusetts Amherst.
de Lacy, Paul (2004). The phonology of glossolalia. Colloquium Presentation, School of Languages, Linguistics, and Cultures. University of Manchester, UK.
The Phonological Methodology Project (Paul de Lacy) (2008-ongoing)
The project aims to determine current methodological practices in phonological theory and ways to improve them. Three Rutgers undergraduates have been involved in this project.
de Lacy, Paul (2015). The theory of Generative Evidence. Keynote talk, OCP, Barcelona.
de Lacy, Paul (2013). Evidence for universals: Sonority-driven stress. Language Universals Workshop series, Harvard Linguistics Circle, Department of Linguistics, Harvard University.
de Lacy, Paul (2013). What we don’t know about phonology. CLaS-CCD Research Colloquium Series, Centre for Language Sciences (CLaS) and Centre of Excellence for Cognition and its Disorders (CCD), Macquarie University, Australia.
de Lacy, Paul (2013). The inadequacy of evidence for sonority-driven stress. Keynote talk, Workshop on Universality and Variability in segment-prosody interactions, part of the Linguistic Institute’s University and Variability serie, University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, Michigan).
de Lacy, Paul (2011). Evidence for the Maori passive. Colloquium presentation, Linguistics Department, Cornell University.
de Lacy, Paul (2008). Poverty of the evidence. Colloquium talk, Linguistics Department, Princeton University.
Polysyllabic shortening in American English (Aldo Mayro) (AY 2015)
Aldo is researching the effects of polysyllabic shortening in American English for his undergraduate thesis under the supervision of Karin Stromswold and Paul de Lacy. Aldo aims to explore whether polysyllabic shortening adequately explains duration differences in syntactic constructions detected in Stromswold's work.
Armenian Schwa (Vartan Haghverdi) (2014-)
Vartan is studying the acoustics of Armenian schwa to see which phonological theory of schwa is right. Armenian schwa is reported to behave in exceptional ways, so Vartan is focusing on its behavior when it is stressed.
(Supervisors: Paul de Lacy; Akin Akinlabi)
Phonological methodology: The optimal L1 continuous use speaker (Ariel Fremed, Paul de Lacy supervising) (2012-2013)
Aimed to establish prevalence of certain methodological techniques in phonological research.
Description of Taiwanese Hakka Phonology (Michael Opper, Paul de Lacy and Richard Simmons supervising) (2009-2010)
A project to establish fundamental phonological characteristics of several Hakka dialects in Taiwan. Focussed on the morpho-phonology of a particular affix.
Intonation in Riyadh Saudi Arabic (Ahmed Al Ghamdi, Paul de Lacy supervising) (2006)
Aimed to provide a description of basic (declarative, interrogative, imperative) intonation in a dialect of Saudi Arabic.
Absolute Neutralization in German (Justin Rafferty, Paul de Lacy supervising) (2006)
Aimed to provide an account of situations in Modern Standard German where underlying segments were altered in the output in all environments (i.e. absolute neutralization).
Outside Research Using the Lab
Many people have used the Phonolab's resources in their research. They have used either field recording equipment, the lab's recording booth, or both, and have benefitted from the lab's advice and support. The following is a non-exhaustive list of projects.
- Many research projects run in the Rutgers Phonetics Lab.
Deprez, Viviane, Shigeto Kawahara, Kristen Syrett et al. (2009-). Intonation of French questions. [Link]
Leslie, Alan (2010-). Use of recording booth in child psychology research. Cognitive Development Lab.
Fabian, Peter (2010-2011). Phonological description of Quechua. Undergraduate Honors Thesis (Prof Akinbiyi Akinlabi supervising).
Staroverov, Peter (2011). The phonetics of Russian word-final [Cl] clusters. Qualifying Paper (Chair: Shigeto Kawahara).
Braver, Aaron (2010). Incomplete Neutralization. Qualifying Paper (Chair: Shigeto Kawahara)
Perkins, Jeremy (2008). Phonetics and Phonology of Thai consonant-tone interaction. Qualifying Paper (Chair: Shigeto Kawahara)
Lee, Seunghun (2008). The interaction of tone and laryngeal features. PhD Dissertation, Rutgers University.
Papathomas, Thomas (2006-2007). Use of recording booth in biomedical research. [Web page].