Introduction (Wacker & Lurie)

Introduction will include a brief history of those who have mapped New Jersey in the past.

            Possible maps to illustrate points:

1. 1617? William Blaeu map. Historic map First to show area of NJ                                   

2. Historic Map. WJP Instructions to Surveyors, and an early survey map.                         

3. USGS historic map.  Map to show role of George Cook in surveys.

4. modern satellite maps

            (1) satellite overviews – night. Historic map.

            (2) satellite overviews – day time. Historic map.

 

Chapter I. Environment

Introduction (David Robinson)

            A. Land forms

Overview (David Robinson)

                        1. physiographic regions

                        2. NJ by US Coastal and Geodetic Survey 1888. Historic map.

            3. Wetlands – map. Or use satellite map instead.

            4. graph comparing wetlands in NJ to other places.

            5. Waterfalls.

            6. tidelands/ riparian issues. Historic Map.  Either/or:

(1) Map of Lands Under the Waters of the Hudson River and Bay of New York. Report to legislature 1865

                        (2) Map of Lands under the Waters of the Delaware River 1873 by Raparian Commissioners

7. sea water/salt water infiltration. Cape May as example.

Soils map description (Tedrow).

            8. Soils prototype

            9. clay Historic map here – or in economic section.

                        10a. Vegetation  - Plant hardiness zones

                        10b. Vegetation – satellite map

 

            B. Climate

Overview (David Robinson)

                        11. map average temperatures

                        12. graph temperature

                        13. map of temperature zones.

                        14. graph rainfall - precipitation

                        15. map. Annual precipitation zones.

                        16. climate zones

                        17. Impact of development on climate. Infra-ray satellite image.                                            

18. major storms – map showing hurricane tracks.

                        19. major storms – chart of 10 most notable storms.

                        20. Global warming. Ice age advance (coast and terminal lines). Prototype

21. Global warming. Ice age historic map. NJ if land sinks 100 feet, NJ Geological Survey 1902

 

            C. Coastal and Near Shore Environment

Overview (author?)

            22. Off shore/near shore features (Hudson River shelf, ocean currents).

23. shoreline changes over time.

24. Example #1 - Sandy Hook – historic map. Either/or

            (1) John Hills 1782

            (2) Chart of Sandy Hook 1778

25. Sandy Hook – NOAA image

26. Example #2 - Cape May coast – change over time

27. barrier islands

28. changes from use of jetties etc. Illustration

           

            D. Biography of the Landscape (or Living environment)

                        29. NJ forest Areas Historic map 1900

                        30. forested land

                        31. deforestation

                        32. Tree/shrub farms; plant nurseries

33. bear population per county (change over last 50 years). –OR bear free zone declared by state

34. deer population.

35. invasive species of plants

 

            E. Hazards (water resources, flooding, and pollution)

Section Overview  (author?)

            36. major rivers/water resources prototype

37. wells

38. Flooding – 19, 25, 100 year floods

39. flooding. Places repeatedly flooded

40. Potential coast line showing consequences global warming

41. superfund sites

42. toxic zone map

43. water pollution

44. air pollution. Satellite map.

 

Chapter II. Land use

Introduction (H. Singh)

                        1. Land use

                        2. maps showing development. Possibilities:

                                    (1) images from airplanes

                                    (2) satellite image – MODUS image from NASA                                                                 

(3) street maps from one place for 1940, 1970, 2000 (Piscataway,   

or Hamilton township, Mercer Co., or other place)

 

            A. Agriculture – plant and animal crops over time

Section Overview (author?)

3. Crop land (overall percentage of)

4. land in agriculture

5. Truck farms – around NYC & Philadelphia (concentric circles/zones)

                        6. corn/wheat

7. hogs/cattle

8. fruit – apples, peaches

9. blueberries - graph.  

10. cranberries –graph.

11. wine production

12. vegetables (old to new crops e.g. peas to egg plant)

                        13. Nurseries (tree farms)

14. Dairy industry – milk production per county over time

15. chickens and eggs

16. Horses – number per county

 

B. From farmlands to cities and suburbia

Section Overview

17. Rural/urban/suburban mix

18. Farm map Clinton township 1860 historic map.

19. Historic Map 1978. US Dept. Agriculture Soil Conservation Service, Important Farmland in Cumberland County, NJ. (Portion of map)

20. farmland by county 1860, 1910, 1960, 2000.

21. Changes in land use – example Morristown National Historic Park’s lands 1780, 1870, 1930, 2000.

22. Greenways/state parks and forests

                        23. Urbanization. Newark . Historic Map. Either/or

                                    (1) 1850 historic map

                                    (2) Newark 1666-1916. Historic map Made for 250 Anniversary. Shows changing boundaries of the city over time

                                    (3) Newark 1895 historic map

                        24. Urbanization. Trenton 1851 Historic map                      

25. Metropolitan areas – cities and their increased reach (suburbs).

26. Historic map. Map of Trenton and its Suburbs 1921

27. City planning maps

28. Land use and planning that led to growth –

            (1) Somerset County Existing Land Use 1969

            (2) Somerset Co. Master Plan of Land Use 1970.

29. corridor growth – Route 1 example

                        30. megalopolis - New Jersey as part of North East area

 

            C. Planned communities.

                        31. Utopian communities – location.

                        32. Redbank – North American Phalanx, utopian community 1840s Historic map

                        33. Llewellen Park 1857 Historic map

                        34. Radburn 1920s historic map – proposed overview plan

 

            D. Urban renewal

                        35. impact on e.g. Newark, Atlantic City

                        36. Historic Map. Urban Renewal Projects 1962 in Newark                                    

37. Trenton – downtown State Street mall.

38. re-development – proposed RU New Brunswick campus historic map?

                        39. re-development – proposed water front Long Branch or South Amboy

                        40. suburban aging/renewal?

 

E. Preservation Issues

Section Overview (author?)

41. preservation  -- open space in general

42. Preservation -- pinelands/highlands, Great Swamp

43. highlands watershed map

44. farmland preservation – acres over time (graph)

45. sprawl

46. graph of land lost to development over last 50 years.

47. Possible example land lost to development  – map of horse breeding farms and decline last 10 years.

 

Chapter III. Population/Demographics

Introduction (Bria Holcomb)

A.   Settlement patterns

Section Overview (Wacker )

1. Early settlement historic map Manatus Map (Manhattan) 1639 shows houses on west side of the North River (Hudson River) [i.e. in NJ}

2. historic map.  Chart Suydt River (South River i.e. Delaware River) c. 1643, Map similar to Manatus map but of south Jersey

3. Early settlements - Location Dutch, Swedes, English. 1675-1765 prototype

                        4. Map of Settled Portions of East Jersey 1682 historic map

                        5. Plan for Perth Amboy. C.1684 historic map

                        6. Perth Amboy 1836 historic map

                        7. Perth Amboy Birds Eye View late 19th century. Historic map

 

            B. Ethnicity/Race

            B/1 Americans Indians

Section overview

8. American Indians Map of bands and language groups

                        9. Americans Indians – location of tribes 17th century. Historic map. Dutch map 1614 shows presence in NY/NJ area

                        10. Americans Indians – deed map of 1664. Historic map with Indian names and Indian perspective on places

                        11. Brotherton reservation – location map.

                        12. Brotherton reservation – historic map

                        13. Lenape migration routes

                        14. Archeological sites in New Jersey – shaded areas

                        15. Americans Indians today – by county from census?

 

            B/2 Ethnicity

Section overview (author?)

                        16. Ethnic groups – location major ethnic groups

                        17. foreign born percentage of population 1900, 1950, 2000

                        18. Region of Birth 2000

            19. 1910 ethnic groups in Newark (shows Italians, Jews, etc) Historic map

                        20. languages per school district c. 2000        

                        21. Dutch c. 1800

                        22. Germans c.1900

                        23. Italians 1890, 1930, 1960s

                        24. Hispanics 1960, 1980, 2000 (by county?)

                        25. Asians 1980, 2000 (by county?)

                        26. or Hispanics and Asians on one map

 

            B/3 Race

Section overview (author)

                        27. African American percentage population 1790-2000

                        28. Slave/Black population over time

                        29. underground railroad routes

                        30. underground railroad communities

                        31. migration and changes in population over time

                        32. Map of black towns (established by – most in late 19th century)

                        33. Historic map. Example of black town.

                        34. blacks in suburbs #1 statewide

                        35. blacks in suburbs #2 sample town (e.g. Teaneck)

 

            C. Density/change over time

                        36. total population from census 1800-2000

                        37. population growth overall – by county at 50 year intervals

                        38. Graph of population increase over time.

                        39. recent population growth along interstate roads (80/78; 287)

                        40. Urban changes overall – 1950, 1980, 2000 in major cities – Camden,

Atlantic City, Trenton, Jersey City, Newark, Paterson. Includes growth and decline ethnic groups. Prototype

                        41. Newark population 1900, 1950, 2000. Closeup by census district.

                        42. Newark – historic map early settlement

                        43. New Brunswick, Birds Eye View 1880 historic map

45. Edison/Woodbridge population1900, 1950, 2000

46. Atlantic city, birds eye view 1900 historic map

47. Camden population – close up 1900, 1950, 2000

48. Jersey City etc 1841 Historic map by LF Douglas

49. Jersey City population 1900, 1950, 2000

50. Trenton population 1900, 1950, 2000

51. Hamilton twsp (Mercer County?) population 1900, 1950, 2000

52. migration out of New Jersey 2005

53. turnover population within NJ

 

            D. Religion

Section Overview (author?)

                        54. Dutch Reform/Quakers and slavery prototype

                        55. Presbyterians; also add Baptists and Anglicans. 1702-1783

                        56. Historic Map Presbyterian Synod of New Jersey 1888

                        57. Catholic churches 19th century, and ethnic affiliation

                        58. major religions today (Catholic, Jew, Muslim)

 

            E. Age/gender

Section Overview

                        59. mean age at 20 year intervals over last 100 years

                        60. single person households

                        61. male/female ratios

                        62. unmarried m/f

                        63. age segregation

                        64. location of retirement communities/gated communities

                        Ocean & Middlesex counties

                        65. retirement communities – graph of male/female ratio

                        66 family composition – number households headed by women

                        67. children and poverty

                        68. adoptions and foster care

                        69. divorce rates

 

            F. Health and Medicine

Section Overview

70. number incidents per county over time for selected diseases

71. Historic Map  1900 Deaths per county for scarlet fever, diphtheria, consumption.

72. graph to accompany 1900 map and make information clear.

                        73. TB

                        74. polio

                        75. Aids

                        76. cancer

                        77. infant morality

                        78. hospital vs at home births

                        79. SIDs

                        80. battered women’s shelters

                        81. abortion rate                     

 

            G. Education

Section Overview (author?)

                        82. school districts

                        83. growth of kindergartens over time

                        84. Higher education

                        85. Historic map Bergen Community College, Paramus NJ c.1978 map of campus

                        86. Abbott districts

                        87. Education level per county

                        88. completion/drop out rates

                        89. test scores 4,8,11 grades (use one as example)

                        90. spent on education per district

                                    Camden vs. Sussex County as examples

 

            H. Prisons

                        91. prison population last 50 years, including race & gender

                        92. Prisons

                        93. “New Jersey Invites You” historic map prisons in state 1955

 

Chapter IV. Transportation

Introduction (Peter Wacker)

                        1. Historic Map. Variety of transportation into and out of Jersey City. “Map of Jersey City Showing the City’s Splendid Location. Its Accessibility and Shipping Facilities.” 1911. 

 

A.   Roads       

2. Lenape trails

3. Early colonial roads

4. Early road – route from Trenton to Perth Amboy 1762 historic map

5. 1777/1778 Map of state including roads historic map – Faden map

6. Maps to show how early 19 century engineers straightened roads.

      (1) 1764 Dunham map of 6 Mile Run

      (2) and later map of same area

7. early turnpikes

8. Historic Map 1923 auto map

9. Bridges and tunnels

10. Historic Map Hub of Hudson, Jersey City c,1925. Plans for tubs (i.e. PATH). In red shows proposed improvements.

11. Historic Map. Bus Map Newark Routes 1971.

12. Garden State Parkway

13. NJ Turnpike

14. traffic flow map (which roads?)

15. Atlantic City Expressway

16. major roads today – interstate

17. Automobiles – number over time (1910-2000 census records?)

18. traffic accidents per county over time, by age

19. Emergency planning evacuation plans

 

            B. Shipping

                        20. navigational maps c. 1790 historic maps

21. Steamboats

                        22. Ferries

                        23. Lighthouses

                        24. inter-coastal waterway

                        25. harbors and ports.

                                     (1) Historic map Burlington either 1797 or 1849

                                     (2) Historic map Jersey City 1848.                          

                        26. volume at ports

 

            C. Canals

                        27. Morris Canal

                        28. Delaware & Raritan canal

                        29. Other canals (Cape May, Bay Head- Manasquan canal, and ?)

 

            D. Railroads

                        30. Camden & Amboy railroad

                        31. railroads late 19th century historic map

                        32. railroad suburbs.  Historic map. Plan of Metuchen 1876. Illustration showing train station

                        33. railroads over time – 1860, 1900, 1950, today?  Map or graph of track.

                        34. NJ transit map

                        35. intercity trolley lines

                        36. Historic Map. Middlesex County: Railroads, Trolley Lines and Highways n.d.  c. 1900

                        37. Newark subway.

                        38. 21st century light rail lines

 

Section note

            On traffic flow railroads, trucks etc

 

            E. airports

                        39. location of airports

                        40. Hadley Field

                        41. runway system Newark airport. Growth over time. 1936, 1956, 1978                            

42. volume Newark overtime – compared to Chicago, JFK, Laguardia

                        43. heliports (map with location or graph with numbers)

           

Chapter V. Economy

Introduction (Seneca & Hughes)

A. Manufacturing

            1. early milling

            2. Paterson plan by SUM 1790s historic map?

            3. Paterson historic map showing water raceways for mills.

            4. Newark early industry on “Shoemaker Map” historic map showing

1806. Picture state seal & shoemaker on bench; list of industries.

            5. Newark industry. Historic Map. Zoning Map 1959

            6. variety of industry in New Jersey cities. Historic Map. Either/or:

                        (1) Howard Insurance Co. Map New Brunswick 1886 sect.6.

                        (2) New Brunswick – A City of Industry & Education 1928.                                   

7. industries – pharmaceutical

8. textiles

9. silk industry historic map. 1897 location silk plants.

10. clay industry – bricks etc

11. NJ Geological Survey Map Clay District Middlesex County, 1877. Historic Map. George Gook map

12. ceramics

13. glass

            14. jobs located

            15. plant closings

            16. women in workforce 1900, 1950, 2000

            17. female owned businesses – number over time

            19. black owner businesses – number of time

            20. Ranking business climate NJ vs other places

 

B. Extraction

21. Quarrying and mining  prototype

22. Iron (for example 1783, 1830, 1880) [graph??]- or

            (1)  location iron production c.1800

            (2) And GSNJ historic map principle iron mines 1890

23. Iron mine historic map of Richard Mine, Morris Co. 1910

24. Historic map Map of Howell works Monmouth County 1853.

25. Zinc production – location?

 

C. Service economy

26. tel-communications

            (1) area codes

            (2) Number employed – ATT, Verizon etc

            (3) Phones in service

27. internet service

28. cable companies

29. Insurance – companies?

30. Fire insurance maps. Historic map Sanborn Map, Glen Gardner 1909

 

D. Leisure

Section Overview (Bria Holcomb)

31. Tourism (money earned per county)

32. population resort towns summer vs winter

33. Tourism map. 1950. Historic map

34. culture (PACS)

35. art museums

36. state historic sites

37. historic map. Historic buildings Morristown 1974

38. graph of funding by county for art & history?

39. Campgrounds

40. Shore resorts -Location major areas

41. state parks

42. Shore resorts - Historic map of proposed development Ocean Grove, 1871.

43. shore resorts – historic map plan for Sea Grove (Cape May Point), late 19th century

44. lake resorts late 19th century. Historic map Lake Hopatcong 1887.

45. Historic map Long Branch. Either/or

            (1) Elberon Part of Long Branch 1889 Plate 12. Insurance map.

            (2) Part of Long Branch 1889 plate 9. Insurance map.

46. Asbury Park historic map 1910 Birds Eye view

47. Atlantic City c. 1950 Historic map All Roads Lead to Hackney’s (seafood restaurant)

48. Gambling. AC Casinos in 1980, 2006

49. Motion picture industry (pre 1930)

50. Golf (NJE not used)

51. minor league baseball teams

52. Branchberg Park – historic map

 

            E. Fishing

                        53. whaling

                        54. Oysters

                        55. Fishing – commercial, sport

                        56. shipbuilding

 

F. Wealth

                        57. graph with national ranking

                        58. median income 2000

                        59. wealth belt

                        60. poverty by counties

                        61. inheritance – compare counties

                        62. property values

                        63. tax transfer rates – to and from federal government

                        64. urban enterprise zones

                        65. tipping point – when taxes not cover municipal services

 

Chapter VI. Political

Introduction (Joe Marbach)

A.   Boundaries/boundary disputes

Section Overview (M. Lurie)

1. 17th century Dutch historic map showing New Jersey. Visscher c. 1656. Source of boundary disputes.

2. boundary disputes – E/W Jersey; NY/NJ

3. Lawrence survey

4. Boundaries historic map 1769

5. Historic Map. Boundary Line between the States of New York and New Jersey in Raritan Bay 1887

6. historic map. Sellers Map of New Jersey in America 1677 . Text at bottom is an advertisement for the West Jersey Proprietors

7. title disputes. Map from Elizabethtown Bill in Chancery 1730s

8. Staten island – historic map NY harbor c. 1684. Showing East Jersey claims to the island.

9. Staten Island – 1833 settlement

10. boundary with Delaware. US Supreme Court decision 1934

11. Ellis Island – original boundaries, settlement 200?

12. county boundaries over time.

13. historic map 1810 counties

14. New Jersey view of the world (for humor) historic map

 

B. Military history

Section Overview

            15. French & Indian War Barracks - 1758

            16. French & Indian War Historic Map. Perth Amboy 1876 includes

Barracks of the French & Indian War & American Revolution.

                        17.  American revolutionary war battles – overview

                        18. Battle Trenton

                        19. Battle Monmouth

                        20. Battle of Princeton

                        21. Rev war map -- drawn by American or British mapmaker at time historic map. Erskine (American) or Hill (British) – or a French map? Possibilities:

a. John Hill Sketch of Haddenfield 1778. Two maps – before and after burned in British attack

b. Map of British outposts between Burlington and New Bridge NJ Dec 1776

                                    c. several maps related to Battle of Monmouth

                                    d. Fight for the Delaware River in 1777. (British 1779)

                        22. Civil War soldiers per county

                        23. Military installations WWI & WII

                        24. WWI Historic Map Camp Dix, Wrightstown, NJ Jan 1918

                        25. Cold war - missile sites

26. Vietnam war – deaths per county

27. Current bases and proposed closings.

 

            C. Government

                        28. map type of county government

                        29.graph type of town/city government

                        30. number of local governments/ issue of home rule

                        31. school districts

                        32. special districts – fire, library, police

                        33. location of important state and federal offices e.g. HUD,

Congressional offices, Agriculture department offices.

34. legislative districts before c.1970 when changed to ignore county boundaries, and after. Include 1966 change senate from 21 to 40.

                        35. representation in electoral college and how has changed over time

                        36. representation in House of Representatives – number and how has

changed over time

                        37. regulation of lobbyists

                       

D. Elections: New Jersey Politics and Voting Statistics (including race, gender, and ethnicity)

38. Election map 1838 – voting returns by towns and counties (Whig vs Democrats?). Historic map

39. Election map 1918. Historic map. Perth Amboy map with wards and votes.

40. State elections by county – which party dominated; % population

41. political contributions by zip code

42. voting by women, blacks

43. political turnout per type of election over time- presidential, governor, school board.

44. liberal vs conservative voters – from polling data

45. interest groups and population

46. union membership and voting trends

                        47. African American state legislators & Congress

                        48. Hispanic state legislators & Congress

                        49. Presidential and governor elections 1860-2004 (how state as a whole

voted). Shown as Red/blue. [Two maps – for final leave or divide?] Prototype

 

            E. Women and Politics

Section overview (author?)

50. Women in congress – comparison to other states

51. women state legislators – percentage over time, comparison other places

52. female state judge

53. League of Women voters. Size, location, membership.

 

            F. Issues

54. Crime rates

55. gun ownership

56. hunting licenses per county

57. prosecutions for corruption. Federal figures and compare NJ to elsewhere.

58. state debt over time

59. NJ vs other states on such issues as

            (1) abortion

            (2) death penalty

60. Re-districting? Jersey City 1851. Birds eye view historic map

61. Election districts (re-districting ) – horseshoe district Jersey City

62. re-districting historic map “Gerrymandering Essex County” n.d. c. late 19th early 20th century.

63. state legislative districts (re-districting) – 1982, 1992, 2002

64. re-districting 1982 or 2002. Republican and Democratic plans vs final plan.

65. media coverage – newspapers, TV, radio

66. zoning – Mt Laurel?

67. zoning either/or

            (1) Millburn township 1962. Historic map

            (2) Morristown 1954. Historic map.

68. State Plan Map – 2005? Proposal by state for land use for future. Historic map (perhaps one section?)